Kalamuna Blog: BADCamp 2018: Give Your Elected Representative a Piece of Your Mind. Plus, Free Drupal Sessions!

Planet Drupal - 26. September 2018 - 1:52
BADCamp 2018: Give Your Elected Representative a Piece of Your Mind. Plus, Free Drupal Sessions! The Kalamuna Team Tue, 09/25/2018 - 16:52

This October, come to our Bay Area Drupal Camp (BADCamp) booth to give your elected representative a piece of your mind. We won’t be holding members of congress captive at the Kalamuna booth (or will we?) but we’ll have plenty of other excitements there to keep you curious. And of course, BADCamp is a celebration of open-source software, so we’ll be giving plenty of Drupal talks.

Categories Conferences Drupal Git Nonprofits Author The Kalamuna Team

Drupal Association blog: Drupal Business Survey 2018

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 21:35

This blog has been re-posted and edited with permission from OneShoe's blog. The following are results from the 2018 Drupal Business Survey conducted by One Shoe and Exove, in partnership with the Drupal Association.

Drupal Business Survey 2018: hot topics are recruitment, changing Drupal playing field, and shift to Drupal 8

The last couple of months Exove and One Shoe worked closely with the Drupal Association on the global Drupal business survey to assess current trends, adoption of emerging technologies and shifting perspectives on the Drupal landscape. The survey was open during July and August. In these two months 136 Drupal agency leaders and decision makers worldwide were surveyed to learn where the Drupal industry is heading and how the Drupal community can chart their course for Drupal’s success in the years to come.

According to the survey, the Drupal client landscape has been changing with the continuing adoption of Drupal 8. For many of the respondents, the sales pipeline and average deal size has grown – while a number of companies struggle with client acquisition and moving to Drupal 8. The surveyed companies are using various strategies to adapt to the changed situation. As in the previous surveys, the Drupal talent availability is seen as one of the major challenges.

Survey participants were Drupal business leaders from around the world

Most surveyed companies and offices are based in Europe (63 %) followed by 40 % in North America and 7.4 % in Asia. Out of the total responses, most participants of the survey had the role of founder (65.9 %), CEO (50.4 %) CTO (18.5 %) and COO (1.5 %). A little over 30 % of the respondents stated that their company existed for over 14 years, followed by almost 20 % of the companies who’ve existed between 10 - 11 years. 60 % of the companies who filled in the survey have just one office, with 19.3 % two offices.

A little over a half (54.8 %) of the companies stated that they are a digital agency. 14.8 % define their profile as a software company with 10.4 % as a consulting agency.

Almost all (94.8 %) of the respondents said that their company provides web development. A majority of the companies shared that they provide visual design (65.9 %), user experience (68.1 %), system integration (67.4 %) or support (59.3 %). These answers are very similar to the results of last year’s survey.

The workfield of the Drupal agencies has become more industry specific

Drupal companies have clients in diverse industries. More than half (59.3 %) of the respondents reported to have Drupal clients in Charities & Non-Profit organisations. Other industries are Government & Public Administration (54.8 %), Healthcare & Medicine (47.4 %), Arts & Culture (41.5 %) and IT (40.7 %). Based on the responses, it can be stated that Drupal companies are becoming more industry specific. The Drupal Business Survey responses of the last three years show that each year, fewer companies have clients in every industry. The outcome of the surveys show that the industries of Media and Banking & Insurance have had the biggest drop, while Healthcare & Medicine and Consulting have grown the most from the first survey.

Compared to 2016/2017/2018:

Biggest challenges in recruitment, client acquisition and Drupal 8 adoption

The outcome of the survey shows that in the last 12 months the Drupal agencies faced three main challenges, namely recruitment (24 %), client acquisition/pipeline (17 %) and conversion to Drupal 8 (14 %). These three challenges are analysed in the following parts of this article.

Recruitment – a war on Drupal talent

The Drupal agencies wanting to grow, know the importance of Drupal talent. For years, the demand for Drupal talent has exceeded the supply. According to this year’s survey, agency leaders see recruiting new employees as their biggest challenge. That’s nothing new; the lack of developers is a universally known challenge, that applies to not only Drupal developers. According to research from The App Association, there are 223,000 job openings for software developers in the US alone. And in Finland alone there is a shortage of 10 000 developers (source: Code from Finland).

One of the recipients describes their challenge of the last 12 months as:

A war on talent.

But still: the demand for digital services is great and the stakes are high. Agencies simply need manpower to continue to grow their business (59 %): "We hit a productivity ceiling and need to expand if we were ever to have capacity to provide for further growth." The lack of Drupal talent can be a threat for new projects: "We lose out on opportunities because our capacity is too low."

The answers of the surveyed pointed out that scarcity and financial compensation continue to be the main obstacles for attracting employees with experience and/or (highly) skilled in Drupal. A lot of the respondents mention that senior developers are typically very expensive to hire, while junior developers match the budget.

Every year we hear that Drupal agencies can't find talent. What they often mean is that they can't find talent at the rates they are willing to pay.

Most of the Drupal talent is either completely new to Drupal or already skilled and working, requiring a strong incentive to change positions.

However, despite the difficulties, 80 % of the agency leaders did hire new employees in the last year and managed to meet their Drupal talent needs, mostly by actively prospecting and hunting Drupal specialists (51.5 %). According to the respondents, it also seems to be a good strategy to motivate and educate people for Drupal who are not familiar with Drupal before, but are willing to learn: agencies hire graduates/juniors (47 %) or hire experienced developers (35.8 %) and train them in Drupal themselves.

Opportunities in collaborating with education institutes

Respondents advise to collaborate more with education institutes and other organizations to prepare interested and motivated people to become the Drupal experts of tomorrow. As one suggests:

We need further engagement between tertiary institutes and industry to ensure open-source platforms and industry standard development methodologies are taught to address the medium term skills shortage.

One respondent told us they even started their own Academy in collaboration with tech universities.

Changed Drupal playing field brings new challenges

Over the last couple of years, Drupal has undergone major changes. For one, Drupal 8 was released.
Also, Drupal starts to play more and more a role as the backend for headless or decoupled CMSs, Drupal is evolving towards an API-first platform and is competing head to head with proprietary platforms like Sitecore and Adobe Experience Manager.

These changes inevitably impact the Drupal market. It’s therefore no surprise that the second biggest challenge (17 %) for agencies in the last 12 months had to do with generating leads for Drupal focused projects or the acquisition of new and suitable customers. This raises different reactions. It is clear that the changed playing field of Drupal benefits certain companies, while others struggle with the change:

The landscape is changing seismically. We are seeing smaller competitors shrink whilst those delivering enterprise and business critical services are prospering. With Drupal 8 we are winning in many situations where platform decisions are open.

The (other) challenge we've been facing is the perceived lack of interest in Drupal overall, specifically on the commerce side. We've been working hard to educate the market on the viability of open source for commerce using Drupal, but have a lot more work to do to get a foot in the door in that enterprise market.

One of the companies also seemed to notice a slower growth on the Drupal market:

Drupal is facing competition from several directions: WordPress is no longer a blog platform but equals Drupal. Increased demand for static site in combination with cloud CMS-es and developers losing interest in Drupal in favor of .JS and lightweight PHP frameworks.

JS-based frameworks are more in demand and PHP is losing its appeal.

Decoupled: We see a role for Drupal in the decoupled world, however we are still behind on what Drupal should deliver to be an API backend first choice.

Average deal size of Drupal projects increased

It is striking that although the client acquisition seemed to be a major challenge for the respondents, a little over half of the Drupal agencies (51.5 %) saw their Drupal project average deal size increasing, with 36.6 % whose average deal size stayed roughly the same and 12 percent (11.9 %) experienced a decrease. This seems to indicate that Drupal projects are becoming bigger and bigger.

As someone mentioned:

We see larger and larger deals opening up in the Drupal space. The role played by Acquia is significant in the growth of Drupal in the Enterprise space.

We are still seeing growing demand for Drupal, especially among large/ enterprise organisations.

Drupal agencies seize new opportunities

In response to the changes within the Drupal market, some agencies have found new opportunities with Drupal by developing new business models.

The survey results show that 34.1% of the respondents did not change their business model in the last year. However 28.9 % expanded their services beyond building Drupal sites whilst 15.1% of the agencies chose to become more specialized (focus on specific vertical or industry). Main reason to change their business model was to grow their pipeline better/faster (58.2 %), identification of a better business model (51.6 %) or changing market conditions (50.4 %).

On the one hand, there are the Drupal companies who expand their business by offering new services like consultation or strategic work:

We are helping more agency and merchant teams adopt Drupal Commerce specifically for Drupal 8 than ever before. They have a strong desire to do things "the right way", which means they're thinking more strategically long term.

And on the other hand, you have the Drupal agencies who believe that specialization is the answer to keep the pipeline full instead of offering a full-stack service to attract new clients.

More specialized expertise and strategy are valued more than full stacks development services.

But the decision from companies to make a change in the business model has more reasons. The agencies who expanded their services also mentioned that they saw a shift in demand from their clients. In other words, the (Drupal) market has changed and those who adapt, have a good chance of succeeding:

Clients are no longer looking just for software development services. They want the service provider to be deeply involved in the engagement and take responsibility for the business outcomes. They want the vendors to come higher up in the value chain.

Even mid-market business leaders are realizing that digital is more than a website. They are seeking to use digital for new revenue streams or to reduce expenses. We have completely revamped our services to offer high level strategic consulting services that address the people, process and technology that affects our client organizations.

Open source and recommendations help Drupal win in the CMS battle

The competition in the CMS business has become tough, and clients are more aware of the opportunities of different CMSs. This has led to many companies expanding their set of technologies and portfolios, as one of the respondents mentioned:

There's no CMS we can use as a silver bullet.

The survey shows that Drupal has a lot of qualities that clients need and search for in a digital platform. The respondents shared that the fact that Drupal is open source is the main reason for clients for choosing Drupal (67.4 %), followed by 56.3 % who said that Drupal was chosen because of the agencies’ recommendation. Other reason are because clients are already familiar with Drupal (54.8 %), the CMS’s flexibility (49.6 %) or reputation (42.2 %).

The shift to Drupal 8 has been rocky but brought significant benefits to some companies

The third main challenge (14 %) of the Drupal companies was the conversion to Drupal 8. The upgrade from one major version of Drupal to the next (e.g. from Drupal 7 to Drupal 8) asked much effort, a steep learning curve and a difficult upgrade path. Introducing new technology in general – not just Drupal – will always have the risk of facing some sort of a challenge. Whether it’s a delay in introducing new features, unexpected security risks or maybe a more difficult learning curve. One of the agencies stated:

Adopting Drupal 8 and Drupal Commerce 2 [were the biggest challenges]. There was a significant learning curve for our team and many of the modules (including the ones we were in control of) weren't ready to roll out complete commerce solutions to clients we were committed to.

Another company told us:

We have been working with Drupal 8 since beginning of 2016. Since our clients mostly fit in the small business category, we have struggled to push our project budgets high enough to be profitable on Drupal 8 projects, as we were on Drupal 7 projects. It's not easy to say what all the reasons are, but Composer is finicky, major modules weren't ready for the first year or more, security updates are more hassle because of more changes, and the increased bugs and missing features required work-arounds. Against our desires, economics are pushing many projects to Wordpress for its page builders and many plugins. On the bright side, the current Drupal initiatives are exciting!

2018 has brought strong growth but we diversified due to slow adoption in 2016/2017. Drupal can learn from this to prevent the same from happening with the launch of Drupal 9 (more quickly available information / modules).

Dries Buytaert, founder and project lead of Drupal, states: ‘These kind of growing pains are not unfamiliar and one of the key reasons that Drupal has been successful is because we always made big, forward-looking changes. And as a result Drupal is one of very few CMSs that has stayed relevant for 15+ years. We see a way to keep innovating while providing a smooth upgrade path and learning curve from Drupal 8 to Drupal 9.’ Right now, the DA works with united forces to make future Drupal upgrades smoother and much simpler than previous upgrades with faster releases with easy upgrades and a smoother learning curve.

Conclusion

The competition on the digital market is and remains strong. New Drupal talent is needed to ensure response to the demand for Drupal. The major changes that Drupal has undergone in the last few years had an impact on client acquisition and the amount of new Drupal projects for the Drupal agencies.

The outcome of the survey shows that the Drupal business community is resourceful and capable of adapting to the continuous changing market by using different strategies. On the one hand, there are the Drupal companies who become full-stack agencies while others believe that specialization is the answer.

One thing is certain: clients want the best CMS for their company. ‘There’s no CMS we can use as a silver bullet’ one agency told us. And although that might be the case, we can still continue to aim for Drupal to become that silver bullet.

-----

See the 2017 survey results.

For more information, please contact Janne Kalliola (janne@exove.fi) or Michel van Velde (michel.vanvelde@oneshoe.com)

About Exove

Exove delivers digital growth. We help our clients to grow their digital business by designing and building solutions with agile manner, service design methodologies, and open technologies. Our clients include Sanoma, Fiskars, Neste, Informa, Trimble, and Finnlines. We serve also start-up companies, unions and public sector. Exove has offices in Helsinki, Oulu and Tampere, Finland; Tallinn, Estonia; and London, United Kingdom. For more information, please visit www.exove.com.

About One Shoe

One Shoe is an integrated advertising and digital agency with more than 10 years experience in Drupal. With more than 40 specialists, One Shoe combines strategy, UX, design, advertising, web and mobile development to deliver unique results for international clients like DHL, Shell, Sanofi, LeasePlan, MedaPharma and many more. For more information, please visit www.oneshoe.com.

About the Drupal Association

The Drupal Association is dedicated to fostering and supporting the Drupal project, the community and its growth. The Drupal Association helps the Drupal community with funding, infrastructure, education, promotion, distribution and online collaboration at Drupal.org. For more information, please visit drupal.org/association.

Acro Media: Comments, Reviews and Content Moderation Workflows

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 20:24

The Urban Hipster Drupal Commerce demo site was built to showcase what Drupal 8 and Commerce related modules can do. While the main focus has been Commerce, recently I started enhancing the content side of the site, mainly the blog. After all, Drupal is a content publishing platform at its core, so why not show how content and commerce can work on the same platform together. In the ecommerce world, that’s actually a pretty big deal!

In this Tech Talk video, I’ll show you how the Drupal core Comments module is used for blog commenting and product reviews. I also go into detail on how you can configure a role based publishing workflow using core’s Workflows and Content Moderation modules.

Comments and reviews

All of the blog posts and products on the demo site use the core Comments module for customer feedback. This allows any level of user (anonymous, authenticated, etc.) to add comments or reviews to these content items. The configuration and permissions for the Comments module controls whether or not the comments need to be approved by an administrator before they appear on the site. When logged in, an administrator who has permissions to manage the comments can use both the frontend interface as well as a backend interface for deleting, approving, editing and finally replying to the comments.

Like any content entity in Drupal, comments are fieldable. This means that you can configure fields to allow for additional functionality for your comments. It’s not covered in this video, but it’s worth mentioning that this is how I was able to get a 5 star review system easily integrated into the product comments.

Content moderation workflows

Drupal core also has a couple modules for letting you define a process for adding specific types of content to your site. The Urban Hipster blog is now setup to be an example for this. 

The first aspect to configure is the workflow. Workflows is where you determine what content will make use of the workflow, the “states” that the content will transition through, and finally the transitions that can happen at any given state. These things all need to be configured first before moving on to permissions.

The second aspect is assigning role based permissions to use the workflow. Permissions for workflows are found in the usual permissions backend page where all other permissions are set. Each workflow transition has a permission attached to it and so you just simply check the role that can perform each transition. You can create new roles if you need to.

View the live example

As mentioned, the Urban Hipster Drupal Commerce is an example of what can be done. Try it out yourself and see what you think. Here are some username/password combinations that will let you check out the workflows in action. The site refreshes every night so you don’t need to worry about breaking anything.

Role based workflow logins:

  • Blog author: blogauthor/blogauthor
  • Blog reviewer: blogreviewer/blogreviewer
  • Blog publisher: blogpublisher/blogpublisher

Administrator login (for viewing the configuration):

  • Administrator: demoadmin/demoadmin

Volkswagen will ab 2019 Software-Entwickler selbst ausbilden

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 19:00
Alle beklagen den IT-Fachkräftemangel – Volkswagen will die Ausbildung nun selbst in die Hand nehmen.

Chocolate Lily: Drupal distributions, blocks, and subthemes

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 18:31

In Part 4 of a current series on managing shared configuration for Drupal distributions we looked at needs and options for altering configuration provided by extensions (modules, themes, or the site's installation profile). We covered common needs such as altering user roles to add permissions. But when it comes to altering configuration, blocks are a special case--hence this bonus installment!

When you create a site based on a distribution, there may be a requirement to customize the look and feel. The usual solution is to create a custom subtheme for the site; see the drupal.org documentation on subtheming. That way you can get everything the distribution provides but give the site a custom presentation.

Using a custom theme will work fine for most configuration. But it won't work for configuration that includes the theme itself as a dependency--like blocks.

Java: Spring Framework 5.1 mit JDK-11-Unterstützung freigegeben

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 18:30
Neben der aktuellen Version des Frameworks hat Pivotal auch die generelle Verfügbarkeit von Spring Data Lovelace bekannt gegeben.

Twitter: Direktnachrichten gestohlen

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 18:30
Einige Twitter-Nutzer erhielten Nachrichten, dass ihre private Kommunikation auf Twitter in falsche Hände geraten sein könnte.

heise-Angebot: IT-Jobtag: Arbeitgeber und Bewerber treffen sich am Mittwoch in Karlsruhe

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 18:00
Bewerber und Arbeitgeber aus dem ITK-Bereich können diese Woche Mittwoch in Karlsruhe in persönlicher und direkter Atmosphäre zusammenkommen

Elektroauto: Peugeots E-Legend fährt auf den Spuren des Klassikers 504

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 18:00
In knapp 4 Sekunden von 0 auf 100 km/h, Reichweite 600 km: Peugeot stellt das Konzept des rein elektrisch betriebenen E-Legend vor.

DrupalCon News: All Welcome at DrupalCon

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 17:47

DrupalCon gathers a range of citizens of the Drupal ecosystem to learn, share, and collaborate together. The value of the conference is in the perspectives, energy and diversity of experiences participants share. No matter who you are or where you’re from, you’re invited to participate in DrupalCon

DrupalCon began setting goals to overtly increase diversity starting with DrupalCon Baltimore 2017. This continued in the planning of DrupalCon Nashville 2018, and is a priority for DrupalCon Seattle 2019. 

Studie: Apple-Mitarbeiter verdienen zu wenig, um Familien zu gründen

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 17:30
Die hohen Lebenshaltungskosten im Silicon Valley führen dazu, dass Frauen später Kinder bekommen. Besonders stark betroffen ist der iPhone-Konzern.

Cyberkommando: Regelwidrig 8 Millionen für externe Berater der Bundeswehr

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 17:00
8 Millionen Euro hat das Verteidigungsministerium für Beraterleistungen eines IT-Projekts ausgegeben und sich dabei unrechtmäßig aus Töpfen des Bundes bedient.

Neuer Streamingdienst: Kein Sex bitte, wir sind Apple

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 17:00
Schimpfwörter, Gewalt und Nacktheit sollen in den TV-Serien des iPhone-Produzenten möglichst unterbleiben, behaupten Insider. Eine Show wurde schon gecancelt.

Western Digital patcht über ein Jahr alte Sicherheitslücke im NAS My Cloud

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 16:30
Ein Firmware-Update für verschiedene Netzwerkspeicher der My-Cloud-Reihe schließt eine Schwachstelle, über die Angreifer Geräte übernehmen könnten.

Polen: Störung bei Webhoster home.pl legt nicht nur Websites lahm

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 16:00
Der Marktführer unter Polens Webhostern hat am Montagmorgen massive technische Probleme. Betroffen sind verschiedenste Dienste.

NativeScript-Vue 2.0 erschienen: Native Mobile-Apps mit Vue

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 15:30
Wenn das Vue.js die Anforderungen nicht erfüllt, mag das NativeScript-Plug-in NativeScript-Vue eventuell die gesuchte Alternative sein.

Zivtech: Challenges of Front End Development

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 15:21

With phone in hand, laptop in bag and earbuds in place, the typical user quickly scans multiple sites. If your site takes too long to load, your visitor is gone. If your site isn’t mobile friendly, you’ve lost precious traffic. That’s why it’s essential to build well organized, mobile ready sites.

But how do you get good results?

  • Understand whom you’re building for
  • Employ the right frameworks
  • Organize your codebase
  • Make your life a lot easier with a CSS preprocessor

Let’s look at each of these points.

Design For Mobile

When you look at usage statistics, the trend is clear. This chart shows how mobile device usage has increased each year. 
 

Read more

Sonde Hayabusa2: Lander senden erste Bilder von Asteroidenoberfläche

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 15:00
Zwei japanische Landeroboter sind auf dem Asteroiden Ryugu gelandet und senden Bilder. Mindestens einer hat auch bereits den Standort gewechselt.

Drupal Modules: The One Percent: Drupal Modules: The One Percent — Dynamic Entity Reference (video tutorial)

Planet Drupal - 25. September 2018 - 14:55
Drupal Modules: The One Percent — Dynamic Entity Reference (video tutorial) NonProfit Tue, 09/25/2018 - 07:55 Episode 45

Here is where we bring awareness to Drupal modules running on less than 1% of reporting sites. Today we'll look R Dynamic Entity Reference, a module which permits you to reference multiple types of entities from a single reference field.

Abgas-Skandal: Autoindustrie und Politik loten auch Hardware-Nachrüstungen aus

heise online Newsticker - 25. September 2018 - 14:30
Millionen Besitzern von Diesel-Autos in Deutschland drohen Fahrverbote. Technische Nachrüstungen könnten eine Lösung sein, um den Schadstoffausstoß zu senken.